Some 17,000 years ago when the glaciers retreated from Minnesota for good, they had scrapped the Canadian Shield pretty thoroughly, leaving a tremendous number of lakes in the Northeastern part of Minnesota and also the Southwestern parts of Ontario. The Ojibway discovered that the area was fabulous for canoeing. Since the distances between lakes were short it was easy to carry canoes and such between them, allowing for longer trips to be made. European explorers took advantage of the same routes, as did the fur trappers that followed. While most people think that the history of western civilization in North America in the 1600's was mostly along the coasts, there were in fact trappers and others in this area some 2000 miles away from any coast. In pursuit of beaver pelts, they would travel up the St. Lawrence river, through the Great Lakes to an outpost now called Grand Portage, and then head inland via the some of the lakes I just described. The most common route went towards Lake of the Woods and this route is in fact what now forms the eastern portion Minnesota-Canadian border. [*]
Civilization never made too strong an entry into the area and so in 1978, the Boundary Waters Canoe Area Wilderness Act became law which over the course of the next few years increasingly outlawed motors in the area, known as the BWCA for short. Boats were first to be outlawed while snowmobiles could continue to operate through 1983. The locals were plenty upset about having their motorized access taken from them, although over the last decades, things have gotten better. Ely has grown and embraced the numerous tourists that come in every summer and in the other seasons as well.
In my youth, I was active in the Boy Scouts and would go wilderness camping as much as possible. Since the Boundary Waters was about 5 hours from home, my brothers and friends would go there often. Mostly in September. Due to the University of Minnesota not starting until the last week of September, we could quite our summer jobs and go canoe for a week or 10 days. Since it was after Labor day, the area was practically abandoned and best of all - no mosquitoes!
During our trip in the fall of 1983, I was with my friend Eric on Lake Kekekabic. He suggested that we ditch the canoes and walk up the hills on the south shore of the lake to see how progress was going on the new Kekekabic hiking trail. We did this and by sure luck stumbled up the Kekekabic ranger cabin. It was empty and unlocked, but that got the wheels turning...We marked the spot on our maps and began plotting. A group of us had been wanting to go camping in the winter in the Boundary Waters, so we saw this a great opportunity. The cabin was about a 1-1/2 day trip from the nearest road end, so we figured we could ski in, spend a few days at the cabin and ski back out.
So on Boxing Day, 1983, me, two of my brothers (Mark and Paul) and 3 friends (Mike, Eric and Bill) set off for a 6-day trip, planning to come back out on New Year's Eve. We had all done winter camping before but only for short trips or 2 or 3 days. This was a much bigger undertaking. The map below shows our intended route: put in at Moose Lake, work our way over the portages to Knife Lake and then down to Kekekabic. One bonus of this route was that we could stop in to see "Knife Lake Dorothy", someone we had never met but we knew of her legend. She had run a resort on Knife Lake for decades. When the BWCA was formed, her cabin was "grandmothered" in and she was allowed to stay put until her death. (The Wikipedia article shows how much authorities kept trying to push her out, but she fought on and never conceded.) She was famous as the root beer lady, selling homemade root beer to canoeists in the summer. So we stopped by on the way out, sharing some ice cream with her that we had brought on the trip. (Yes, it was cold enough that winter to keep ice cream frozen.) She told us she wasn't overly concerned that snowmobile access ended later that week. She had lived there so long that she really didn't really rely too much on people from Ely providing supplied via snowmobile. And besides, she had a battery-powered 2-way radio if she ever got into real trouble.
We said goodby, headed on to the ranger cabin, and moved in. We got the woodburning stove going and got comfy even if the lack of electricity made it pretty dark. Breaking trail through waist-deep snow on the portages and dealing with slush on the lakes had made the trip to the cabin take the all of 3 days, so we were happy for some creature comforts. Since the trail was already broken, we figured we could make it back to the car in 2 days so we planned to break camp on the 30th. That morning, we fired up water on the camping stove for making a big batch of oatmeal. Unfortunately, in the poor light and somewhat cramped conditions, I knocked the water pot off the stove and onto the leg of Mike. Mike was only wearing his long underwear at the time...
Time to get technical and bring plastics into the discussion. Polypropylene was used back in 1983 and is stilled used to make terrific long underwear for active lifestyles as it doesn't absorb water (unlike cotton). It's also is good and insulative. If you are winter camping, that is a good thing, except when you have a couple of quarts of boiling hot water on one side and human flesh on the other. Mike got the underwear off ASAP but he had already gotten blisters and was in a good deal of pain.
After about an hour or so, we realized that Mike would have had a difficult time skiing out, so we decided Mark, Eric and Bill would ski back to Dorothy's and use her radio so that we could get Mike out on a snowmobile. I stayed behind with Mike and my brother Paul. Within a surprisingly short period, the absolute silence of the wilderness was spoiled by the sound of snowmobiles. The group had made it to Dorothy's and as luck would have it, 2 forest rangers were there talking with Dorothy and stocking her up with supplies. They took our well broken trail and got to the ranger cabin in a snap. But they also looked at Mike's leg and realized that in the rough terrain over the portages, he was not going to be well off so they made the decision to fly him out. They called in a Forest Service ski plane from Ely which arrive in a short time. The plane had room for 3 passengers, so Paul and I hopped on as well.
We got to Ely and Mike went off to the clinic for treatment. And that is when we realized we had a problem. The other three people weren't going to be coming out until tomorrow and yet Mike, Paul and I needed a place to stay that night. Ely in 1983 was not setup for overnight guests, particularly in late December. There was no room at the inn as there was no inn open for business. Afterall, who would want to stay in a motel in Ely in late December? The car was 20 miles away and even if we got there, we didn't have the keys (they other guys did). And so they put us up in the only spot they could - the jail.
The jail had 4 cells each with one bed. I still remember this horrible revulsive feeling while being shown my cell by the officer. They didn't lock the doors, but still just that feeling from seeing the bars and the toilet and the bed...I hope I never feel it again.
The next day, Mark, Eric and Bill came out off the wilderness and
The trip home was thankfully uneventful. Mike was ok as the burns were limited to 2nd degree and just required regular cleaning and topical antibiotics. I've seen him since and he jokes about getting into hot water fights. I still feel bad about my flying elbow causing so many problems for all of us. I've not been back to the "scene of the crime" since, but my brother Mark has. The cabin is now padlocked and there is a "No Trespassing" sign.
No surprise there. No surprise at all.
[*] The western portion of the border is a different story. The original border was based on a faulty map (it's not the first time that's happened) that showed the Mississippi river starting up in Canada when in fact it starts quite a bit further south. The border was supposed to go along the voyageurs route and then go due west from the northwestern corner of Lake of the Woods until it hit the Mississippi. The error was soon discovered and so they changed the border by drop south from that same corner of the lake to the 48th parallel, and then proceeded west to the Pacific. As a result, Minnesota is the northernmost state in the lower 48. Also as a result, there is part of the state that you cannot access by land except by going through Canada.